"The Drug Lord" Pablo Escobar Who Build La Catedral The Lavish Prison Built For Himself

"The Drug Lord" Pablo Escobar Who Build La Catedral The Lavish Prison Built For Himself

Pablo Emilio Escobar Gaviria also well known as Pablo Escobar was a Colombian notorious drug lord and narcoterrorist who was the founder and sole leader of the Medellín Cartel. The Medellín Cartel was a powerful and highly organized Colombian drug cartel and terrorist organization originating in the city of Medellín, Colombia that was founded and led by Pablo Escobar.

By the mid-1980s the Medellín cartel dominated the cocaine trade, with Escobar wielding incredible power and wealth. According to some reports, he was worth approximately $25 billion, which supported a lavish lifestyle that included a 7,000-acre (2,800-hectare) estate called Hacienda Nápoles (named after Naples, Italy) in Colombia. It reportedly cost $63 million and featured a soccer field, dinosaur statues, artificial lakes, a bullfighting arena, an airstrip, a tennis court etc.

However, that luxurious lifestyle would not last long, philanthropic works were offset by Escobar’s well-known ruthlessness. He handled problems with “Plata o plomo,” meaning “silver” (bribes) or “lead” (bullets). In addition to rival drug traffickers, notably in the Cali cartel, his victims included government officials, policemen, and civilians. In 1989 the cartel reportedly placed a bomb aboard an aeroplane in an attempt to kill an alleged informant. More than 100 people were killed. The threats of extradition to the United States, which, as the destination of most of the cartel’s drugs, had come to view Escobar as a top target in its war on drugs, drew even greater retaliation from Escobar, who reportedly said that he “would rather have a grave in Colombia than a jail cell in the U.S.”

Amid the growing bloodshed, a massive manhunt was undertaken to find Escobar, while the government also began negotiations for his surrender. In June 1991, on the same day that the Colombian Congress voted to forbid extradition in the country’s new constitution, Escobar surrendered and was subsequently jailed. His imprisonment, however, had little effect on his criminal activities and his lifestyle. That's when the lavish home prison came up. He was allowed to build a luxurious prison, which became known as La Catedral. Not only did the facility include a nightclub, sauna, waterfall, and soccer field, it also had telephones, computers, and fax machines. However, after Escobar tortured and killed two cartel members at La Catedral, officials decided to move him to a less-accommodating prison.

Before he could be transferred, Escobar escaped custody in July 1992. The Colombian government reportedly aided by U.S. officials and rival drug traffickers has launched a manhunt.

On December 2, 1993, a day after his 44 birthday, his hideout in Medellín was discovered. While Colombian forces stormed the building, Escobar and a bodyguard managed to get to the roof. A chase and gunfight ensued, and Escobar was fatally shot. Some, however, speculated that he took his own life. After he died, the Medellín cartel soon collapsed.

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